5 Breathing Exercises for COPD

COPD can impair breathing and lung function. Regular breathing exercises can increase lung capacity, shortness of breath, and respiratory function. Five COPD breathing exercises:

1. Pursed-Lip Breathing

Slowly breathe in through your nose and exhale through pursed lips like a flame. This controls breathing and prolongs airway opening.

2. Diaphragmatic Breathing

Sit or lie down comfortably. Place one hand on your chest and one on your abdomen. Inhale deeply through your nostrils to raise your abdomen. Slowly exhale through pursed lips, lowering your abdomen.

3. Segmental Breathing

Sit erect with hands on ribs. Inhale deeply, extending one lung area (upper, middle, lower) at a time. Repeat gentle exhalations between lung segments. This exercise improves lung expansion and airflow.

4. Paced Breathing

Use the 4-7-8 breathing pattern: inhale for 4 seconds, hold for 7, exhale for 8. Adjust timing to your comfort and repeat multiple times. Paced breathing reduces anxiety and dyspnea.

5. Chest Expansion Exercise

Stand tall with arms at sides. Take a deep breath and raise your arms to shoulder height, palms down. Slowly exhale and lower your arms. This activity expands the chest and lungs.

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