How to Perform CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) Step by Step Guide

In emergencies where someone's heart stops beating or they're not breathing, CPR can save lives. Step-by-step CPR instructions:

1. Assess the Scene

Keep yourself and the victim safe. Check for hazards that could delay rescue.

2. Check Responsiveness

Scream "Are you okay?" and tap the victim's shoulder. No reaction may indicate unresponsiveness and require prompt medical intervention.

3. Call for Help

While performing CPR, tell someone to contact 911. Do CPR for two minutes before calling for help if you're alone.

4. Open the Airway

Lift the victim's chin and gently tilt their head back. This opens the airway for improved breathing.

5. Check for Breathing

Look, listen, and touch for breathing. Place your ear near the victim's mouth and nose, look for chest movement, and feel air on your cheek.

6. Begin Chest Compressions

If the sufferer is not breathing, commence chest compressions immediately. Put your heel on the victim's chest (between the nipples) and your other hand on top. Lock your elbows and place your shoulders over your hands.

7. Compression Technique

Push down forcefully and swiftly at least 2 inches (5 cm) deep for adults to compress the chest. Complete chest recoil between compressions. Set your compression rate to 100-120 compressions per minute, the Bee Gees' "Stayin' Alive" beat.

8. Combine Compressions with Rescue Breaths (If Trained)

Add rescue breaths to the compression cycle if you know CPR. After 30 compressions, tilt the victim's head back, squeeze the nose, and allow two mouth breaths while looking for chest elevation.

Continue 30 compressions and 2 breaths until aid arrives or the sufferer revives.

9. Continue CPR

Continue CPR until emergency medical services arrive or the sufferer breathes or moves.

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